Controlling the Price Level
NBER Working Paper No. 6914
Governments determine the size of the unit of value just as they determine the length of the length and weight of physical units of measure. What are the different ways that a government can control the size of the unit of value, that is, control the price level? In general, the government designates a resource gold, paper currency, another country's currency and defines its unit of value as a particular amount of that resource. An interesting variant proposed by Irving Fisher in 1913 and implemented more recently in Chile is to alter the resource content of the unit to stabilize the price level. Another idea is to alter the interest rate paid on reserves in a way that stabilizes the price level.