NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

An Examination of Gender and Race Differences in Youth Smoking Responsiveness to Price and Tobacco Control Policies

Frank J. Chaloupka, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula

NBER Working Paper No. 6541
Issued in April 1998
NBER Program(s):   HE

Nationally representative studies consistently report significant gender and racial differences in youth smoking rates, although little research has been done to explain why. In this paper we examine one possible source for this variation: differences in youth responsiveness to changes in price or tobacco control policies. Using data from the 1992-1994 Monitoring the Future surveys, we find that young men are much more responsive to changes in the price of cigarettes than young women. The participation elasticity for men is almost twice as large as that for women. Further, we find that smoking rates of young black men are significantly more responsive to changes in price than young white men. In addition, we find significant differences in responsiveness to particular tobacco control policies. Smoking rates among white youths are responsive to anti-tobacco activities and clean indoor air restrictions, while smoking rates among black youths are significantly influenced by smoker protection laws and restrictions on youth access.

download in pdf format
   (104 K)

email paper

A non-technical summary of this paper is available in the September 1998 NBER digest.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Digest by email.

The NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health provides summaries of publications like this.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email.

This paper is available as PDF (104 K) or via email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w6541

Published: Frank J Chaloupka and Rosalie Liccardo Pacula "Sex and race differences in young people's responsiveness to price and tobacco control policies," Tobacco Control 1999; 8: 373-377.

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Chaloupka and Grossman w5740 Price, Tobacco Control Policies and Youth Smoking
Tauras and Chaloupka w6937 Price, Clean Indoor Air, and Cigarette Smoking: Evidence from the Longitudinal Data for Young Adults
Tauras, O'Malley, and Johnston w8331 Effects of Price and Access Laws on Teenage Smoking Initiation: A National Longitudinal Analysis
Chaloupka and Warner w7047 The Economics of Smoking
Chaloupka, Pacula, Farrelly, Johnston, and O'Malley w6939 Do Higher Cigarette Prices Encourage Youth to Use Marijuana?
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us