NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Social Action, Private Choice, and Philanthropy: Understanding the Sources of Improvements in Black Schooling in Georgia, 1911-1960

John Donohue III, James J. Heckman, Petra E. Todd

NBER Working Paper No. 6418
Issued in February 1998
NBER Program(s):Labor Studies

Improvements in educational attainment and in educational quality are universally acknowledged to be major contributors to black economic progress in the twentieth century. The sources of these improvements are less well understood. Many scholars implicitly assume improvements in schooling reflect private choices. In fact, schooling is publicly provided and increases in the quality and availability of black schools in the South occurred at a time when blacks were excluded from the political process. This paper demonstrates the important roles of social action, especially NAACP litigation, and private philanthropy, in improving access and quality of public schooling in Georgia and in the rest of the South in the first half of the century. Analyses that pit rising schooling quality as an alternative to social action in explaining black progress miss the important role of social activism in promoting schooling quality and hence in elevating the economic status of black Americans.

download in pdf format
   (2325 K)

email paper

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w6418

Published: Donohue, John J., III, James J. Heckman and Petra E. Todd. "The Schooling Of Southern Blacks: The Roles Of Legal Activism And Private Philanthropy, 1910-1960," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2002, v107(1,Feb), 225-268.

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Murray w18146 Evaluating the Role of Science Philanthropy in American Research Universities
Collins h0128 The Political Economy of Race, 1940-1964: The Adoption of State-Level Fair Employment Legislation
Margo "Teacher Salaries in Black and White": Pay Discrimination in the Southern Classroom
Graham, Li, and Qiu w17368 Managerial Attributes and Executive Compensation
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us