NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Exceptional Exporter Performance: Cause, Effect, or Both?

Andrew B. Bernard, J. Bradford Jensen

NBER Working Paper No. 6272
Issued in November 1997
NBER Program(s):   ITI

A growing body of empirical work has documented the superior performance characteristics" of exporting plants and firms relative to non-exporters. Employment, shipments and capital intensity are all higher at exporters at any given moment. This paper asks whether good" firms become exporters or whether exporting improves firm performance. The evidence is quite" clear on one point: good firms become exporters, both growth rates and levels of success measures" are higher ex-ante for exporters. The benefits of exporting for the firm are less clear. Employment" growth and the probability of survival are both higher for exporters; however growth is not superior, particularly over longer horizons.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w6272

Published: Journal of International Economics, Vol. 47, no. 1 (February 1999): 1-25. citation courtesy of

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