NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Both Sides of Corporate Diversification: The Value Impacts of Geographic and Industrial Diversification

Gordon M. Bodnar, Charles Tang, Joseph Weintrop

NBER Working Paper No. 6224
Issued in October 1997
NBER Program(s):   IFM

This paper examines the effect of geographic and industrial diversification on firm value for a sample of over 20,000 firm-year observations of U.S. corporations from 1987-1993. Our" multivariate tests indicate the average value of a firm with international operations is 2.2% higher than comparable domestic single activity firms, while the average value of a firm with activities in multiple industrial segments is 5.4% lower than a portfolio of comparable focused domestic firms in similar activities. More importantly, we demonstrate that failure to control simultaneously for both dimensions of diversification results in over-estimation of the negative value impact of industrial diversification, but has little impact on estimates of the positive value impact of geographic diversification.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w6224

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