NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Changes Over Time in Union Relative Wage Effects in Great Britain and the United States

David G. Blanchflower

NBER Working Paper No. 6100
Issued in July 1997
NBER Program(s):   LS

This paper uses broadly comparable micro data at the level of the individual to examine the extent to which union relative wage effects vary across groups and through time. The main findings may be summarized as follows. a) The union wage gap averages 15% in the US and 10% in Great Britain. b) The gap is positively correlated with the (lagged) unemployment rate, and appears to be untrended in both countries. Union wages are sticky. c) The size of the wage gap varies across groups. In both the US and Great Britain the differential is relatively high in the private sector, in non-manufacturing, for manuals, the young and the least educated. d) In the US there are no differences by race or gender in the size of the differential. In Great Britain it is higher both for women and non-whites. The fact that the differential has remained more or less constant in both Great Britain and the US is a puzzle, particularly given the rapid declines in union membership in both countries. The evidence does not appear to be consistent with the widely held view that union power has been emasculated.

download in pdf format
   (436 K)

email paper

This paper is available as PDF (436 K) or via email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w6100

Published: "Unionism in the United States and Other Advanced OECD Countries", Industrial Relations, Vol. 31, no. 1 (January 1992): 56-79.

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Bekaert, Engstrom, and Xing w12248 Risk, Uncertainty and Asset Prices
Zucker, Darby, Brewer, and Peng w5199 Collaboration Structure and Information Dilemmas in Biotechnology: Organizational Boundaries as Trust Production
Korenman and Neumark w6031 Cohort Crowding and Youth Labor Markets: A Cross-National Analysis
Altonji, Hayashi, and Kotlikoff w5378 Parental Altruism and Inter Vivos Transfers: Theory and Evidence
Stinebrickner and Stinebrickner w16869 Math or Science? Using Longitudinal Expectations Data to Examine the Process of Choosing a College Major
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us