NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Within Group "Structural" Tests of Labor-Market Discrimination: A Study of Persons with Serious Disabilities

David S. Salkever, Marisa E. Domino

NBER Working Paper No. 5931
Issued in February 1997
NBER Program(s):   HC   LS

Labor-market discrimination measures are usually derived from between-group comparisons of market outcomes for favored vs. disfavored groups, controlling for productivity-related individual characteristics. When the disfavored group is heterogeneous, one can relate variations in discrimination intensity to market outcomes within the disfavored group. We use this approach to test for employment and wage discrimination against persons with various types of disabilities. Measures of social distance' controls for the intensity of discrimination. In a national sample of adults with serious disabilities, employment discrimination effects are in the wrong' direction, however, and wage effects are unstable. Thus, variability in labor market outcomes among different types of disabilities is not explained well by variations in discrimination intensity correlated with social distance and employer attitudes. We conjecture that differences in available support services by type of disability may help to explain this variability.

download in pdf format
   (1054 K)

email paper

The NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health provides summaries of publications like this.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w5931

Published: Salkever, David S. and Alan Sorkin (eds.) The economics of disability, Research in Human Capital and Development, vol. 13. Stamford, CT: JAI Press, 2000.

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Biddle and Hamermesh w5366 Beauty, Productivity and Discrimination: Lawyers' Looks and Lucre
Fernández and Rogerson w4883 Income Distribution and Public Education: A Dynamic Quantitative Evaluation of School Finance Reform
Kulchycky and Lipsey w1463 Host-Country Regulation and Other Determinants of Overseas Operations ofU.S. Motor Vehicle and Parts Companies
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us