NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Are Affirmative Action Hires Less Qualified? Evidence from Employer-Employee Data on New Hires

Harry Holzer, David Neumark

NBER Working Paper No. 5603
Issued in June 1996
NBER Program(s):   LS

In this paper we use micro-level data on employers and employees to investigate whether Affirmative Action procedures lead firms to hire minority or female employees who are less qualified than workers who might otherwise be hired. Our measures of qualifications include the educational attainment of the workers hired (both absolutely and relative to job requirements), skill requirements of the job into which they are hired, and a variety of outcome measures that are presumably related to worker performance on the job. The analysis is based on a representative sample of over 3,200 employers in four major metropolitan areas in the U.S. Our results show some evidence of lower educational qualifications among blacks and Hispanics hired under Affirmative Action, but not among white women. Further, our results show little evidence of substantially weaker job performance among most groups of minority and female Affirmative Action hires.

download in pdf format
   (2101 K)

email paper

This paper is available as PDF (2101 K) or via email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w5603

Published: Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 17, no. 3 (July 1999): 534-569 citation courtesy of

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Holzer and Neumark w6605 What Does Affirmative Action Do?
Holzer and Neumark w7323 Assessing Affirmative Action
Leonard w1310 The Impact of Affirmative Action on Employment
Leonard w1240 Anti-Discrimination or Reverse Discrimination: The Impact of Changing Demographics, Title VII and Affirmative Action on Productivity
Card and Krueger w10366 Would the Elimination of Affirmative Action Affect Highly Qualified Minority Applicants? Evidence from California and Texas
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us