NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The Effect of Medicaid Abortion Funding Restrictions on Abortions, Pregnancies, and Births

Phillip B. Levine, Amy B. Trainor, David J. Zimmerman

NBER Working Paper No. 5066
Issued in March 1995
NBER Program(s):   LS   HE

This paper considers whether state Medicaid abortion funding restrictions affect the likelihood of getting pregnant, having an abortion, and bearing a child. Aggregate, state-level data and microdata from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) are applied in the empirical work. Changes in laws resulting from Supreme Court decisions create a natural experiment which is utilized to examine fertility behavior. Multivariate models controlling for state and, in the NLSY, personal characteristics are also estimated using alternative fixed effect specifications. We find that Medicaid funding restrictions are associated with a reduction in both the number of abortions and pregnancies, resulting in either no change or a reduction in births.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w5066

Published: Journal of Health Economics, Vol. 15 (1996): 555-578.

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