The Attraction of Foreign Manufacturing Investments: Investment Promotion and Agglomeration Economies
NBER Working Paper No. 4878
We study Japanese investments between 1980 and 1992 to assess the effectiveness of state promotion efforts in light of strong agglomeration economies in Japanese investment. Two policy variables are consistently shown to influence the location of investment - foreign trade zones and labor subsidies. We use simulations to explore the impact these policies had on the geographic distribution of Japanese investment. The simulations reveal that in aggregate promotion programs largely offset each other; however, unilateral withdrawal of promotion causes individual states to lose substantial amounts of foreign investment.
Published: Head, Keith, John Ries and Deborah Swenson. "Agglomeration Benefits And Location Choice: Evidence From Japanese Manufacturing Investments In The United States," Journal of International Economics, 1995, v38(3/4,May), 223-247.