Infrastructure and Public R&D Investments, and the Growth of Factor Productivity in US Manufacturing Industries
NBER Working Paper No. 4845
In this paper we examine the effects of publicly financed infrastructure and R&D capital on the cost structure and productivity performance of twelve two-digit U.S. manufacturing industries. A general framework is developed to measure contribution of demand, relative input prices, technical change, as well as publicly financed capital on total factor productivity growth. The magnitude of the contribution of these sources varies considerably across industries: in some changes in demand dominate while in others changes in technology or relative prices are the main contributors. Publicly financed infrastructure and R&D capital contribute to productivity growth. However, the magnitudes of their contribution vary considerably across industries and on the whole they are not the major contributors to TFP in these industries.
Published: Published as "Public R&D Policies and Cost Behavior of the US Manufacturing Industries", Journal of Public Economics, Vol. 63, no. 1 (December 1996): 57-81.