NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Internal versus External Capital Markets

Robert H. Gertner, David S. Scharfstein, Jeremy C. Stein

NBER Working Paper No. 4776
Issued in June 1994
NBER Program(s):   CF

This paper presents a framework for analyzing the costs and benefits of internal vs. external capital allocation. We focus primarily on comparing an internal capital market to bank lending. While both represent centralized forms of financing, in the former case the financing is owner-provided, while in the latter case it is not. We argue that the ownership aspect of internal capital allocation has three important consequences: 1) it leads to more monitoring than bank lending; 2) it reduces managers' entrepreneurial incentives; and 3) it makes it easier to efficiently redeploy the assets of projects that are performing poorly under existing management.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w4776

Published: Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol CIX, pp 1211-1230, Nov 1994

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