@techreport{NBERw4294,
title = "The Constrained Asset Share Estimation (CASE) Method: Testing Mean-Variance Efficiency of the U.S. Stock Market",
author = "Charles Engel and Jeffrey A. Frankel and Kenneth A. Froot and Anthony P. Rodrigues",
institution = "National Bureau of Economic Research",
type = "Working Paper",
series = "Working Paper Series",
number = "4294",
year = "1993",
month = "March",
doi = {10.3386/w4294},
URL = "http://www.nber.org/papers/w4294",
abstract = {We apply the method of constrained asset share estimation (CASE) to test the mean-variance efficiency (MVE) of the stock market. This method allows conditional expected returns to vary in relatively unrestricted ways. The data estimate reasonably the price of risk, and, in some cases, the MVE model is valuable in explaining expected equity returns. Unlike with most tests of MVE. we can put an explicit interpretation on the alternative hypothesis -- a general linear Tobin portfolio choice model. We reject the restrictions implied by MVE.},
}