NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Continuous Versus Episodic Change: The Impact of Civil Rights Policy on the Economic Status of Blacks

John J. Donohue III, James Heckman

NBER Working Paper No. 3894
Issued in November 1991
NBER Program(s):   LS

This paper examines the available evidence on the causes of black economic advance in order to assess the contribution of federal policy. Over the period 1920-1990, there were only two periods of relative black economic improvement -- during the 1940s and in the decade following the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the voting Rights Act of 1965, and the institution of the government contracts compliance program. Black migration from the South, a traditional source of economic gains for blacks, almost stopped at about this same time, and recent evidence on the impact of black schooling gains indicates that educational gains cannot explain the magnitude of black economic progress beginning in the mid-1960s.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w3894

Published: Journal of Economic Literature, vol.XXIX, pp.1603-1643, (Dec.1991)

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