NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

First Nature, Second Nature, and Metropolitan Location

Paul R. Krugman

NBER Working Paper No. 3740
Issued in June 1991
NBER Program(s):   ITI   IFM

This paper develops models of spatial equilibrium in which a central metropolis emerges to supply manufactured goods to an agricultural hinterland. The location of the metropolis is not fully determined by the location of resources: as long as it is not too far from the geographical center of the region, the concentration of economic mass at the metropolis makes it the optimal location for manufacturing firms, and is thus self-justifying. The approach in this paper therefore helps explain the role of historical accident and self-fulfilling expectations in metropolitan location.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w3740

Published: JRS, Vol. 33, no. 2 (1993): 129-144.

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