NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The Consumption of Stockholders and Non-Stockholders

N. Gregory Mankiw, Stephen P. Zeldes

NBER Working Paper No. 3402 (Also Reprint No. r1660)
Issued in July 1990
NBER Program(s):   EFG   ME   ITI   PE

Only one-fourth of U.S. families own stock. This paper examines whether the consumption of stockholders differs from the consumption of non-stockholders and whether these differences help explain the empirical failures of the consumption-based CAPM. Household panel data are used to construct time series on the consumption of each group. The results indicate that the consumption of stockholders is more volatile than that of non-stockholders and is more highly correlated with the excess return on the stock market. These differences help explain the size of the equity premium, although they do not fully resolve the equity premium puzzle.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w3402

Published: Journal of Financial Economics, Vol. 27, pp. 97-112, (1991).

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