NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Poverty Programs, Initiation Of Prenatal Care And The Rate Of Low Birthweight Births

Richard G. Frank, Donna Strobino, David S. Salkever, Catherine Jackson

NBER Working Paper No. 3215
Issued in December 1989
NBER Program(s):Health Economics

This paper specifies and estimates an econometric model of low and very low birthweight rates for counties in the U.S. for the years 1975-1984. We focus on the impact of several specific public policy actions on use of prenatal care and the subsequent effect on birthweight outcomes. Our results point to strong racial differences in the impact of prenatal care on low birthweight rates. We also find that for the white population changes in income eligibility standards and expanded availability of publicly financed maternal and infant clinics have the strongest impacts on low birthweight rates.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w3215

Published: Journal of Human Resources, vol.27, no.4, pp.629-642, 1992.

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