The Stampede Toward Defined Contribution Pension Plans: Fact or Fiction?
Alan L. Gustman, Thomas L. Steinmeier
NBER Working Paper No. 3086
This paper questions recent conclusions that the trend towards defined contribution plans and away from defined benefit plans is due to increased pension regulation and/or a changing economic environment. Using data from IRS 5500 filings by pension administrators, we find that at least half of the trend is due to a shifting employment mix toward firms with industry, size, and union status characteristics which have historically been associated with lower defined benefit plan rates. Not more than half of the trend can be attributed to a "stampede" by firms with given industry, size, and union status characteristics toward defined contribution pension coverage.
Published: Industrial Relations, Vol.31, No.2, Spring 1992, pp. 361-369