NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
loading...

Taking PISA Seriously: How Accurate are Low Stakes Exams?

Ş. Pelin Akyol, Kala Krishna, Jinwen Wang

NBER Working Paper No. 24930
Issued in August 2018
NBER Program(s):Development Economics, Economics of Education, Labor Studies

PISA is seen as the gold standard for evaluating educational outcomes worldwide. Yet, as it is a low-stakes exam, students may not take it seriously resulting in downward biased scores and inaccurate rankings. This paper provides a method to identify and account for non-serious behavior by leveraging information in computer-based assessments in PISA 2015. We show that this bias is large: a country can rise up to 15 places in rankings if its students took the exam seriously. We ask where the bias is coming from and show that around half of it comes from the proportion of non-serious students, while 36% comes from their ability, with the remaining coming from the extent of non-seriousness

You may purchase this paper on-line in .pdf format from SSRN.com ($5) for electronic delivery.

Access to NBER Papers

You are eligible for a free download if you are a subscriber, a corporate associate of the NBER, a journalist, an employee of the U.S. federal government with a ".GOV" domain name, or a resident of nearly any developing country or transition economy.

If you usually get free papers at work/university but do not at home, you can either connect to your work VPN or proxy (if any) or elect to have a link to the paper emailed to your work email address below. The email address must be connected to a subscribing college, university, or other subscribing institution. Gmail and other free email addresses will not have access.

E-mail:

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w24930

 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us