NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Does the New Keynesian Model Have a Uniqueness Problem?

Lawrence Christiano, Martin S. Eichenbaum, Benjamin K. Johannsen

NBER Working Paper No. 24612
Issued in May 2018
NBER Program(s):Economic Fluctuations and Growth, Monetary Economics

This paper addresses whether non-uniqueness of equilibrium is a substantive problem for the analysis of fiscal policy in New-Keynesian (NK) models at the zero lower bound (ZLB). There would be a substantive problem if there were no compelling way to select among different equilibria that give different answers to critical policy questions. We argue that learnability provides such a criterion. We study a fully non-linear NK model with Calvo pricing frictions. Our main finding is that the model we analyze has a unique E-stable rational expectations equilibrium at the ZLB. That equilibrium is also stable-under-learning and inherits all of the key properties of linearized NK models for fiscal policy.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w24612

 
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