NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Economic Development and the Timing and Components of Population Growth

David E. Bloom, Richard B. Freeman

NBER Working Paper No. 2448
Issued in November 1987
NBER Program(s):   LS

This paper examines the relationship between population growth and economic growth in developing countries from 1965 to 1985. Our results indicate that developing countries were able to shift their labor force from low-productivity agriculture to the higher-productivity industry and service sectors, and to increase productivity within those sectors, despite the rapid growth of their populations. We also find that at given rates of population growth, income growth is related to the time path of population growth and that population growth due to high birth and death rates is associated with slower income growth than population growth due to relatively low birth and death rates. Hence, the timing and components of population growth are important elements in the process of economic development.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w2448

Published: Journal of Policy Modeling, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 57-81, (April 1988). citation courtesy of

 
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