NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The Learning Curve and Optimal Production Under Uncertainty

Saman Majd, Robert S. Pindyck

NBER Working Paper No. 2423
Issued in October 1987
NBER Program(s):   ME

This paper examines the implications of the learning curve in a world of uncertainty. We consider a competitive firm whose costs decline with cumulative output. Because the price of the firm's output evolves stochastically, future production and cumulative output are unknown, and are contingent on future prices and costs. We derive an optimal decision rule that maximizes the firm's market value: produce when price exceeds a critical level, which is a declining function of cumulative output. We show how the shadow value of cumulative production, as well as the total value of the firm, depend on the volatility of price and other parameters. Over the relevant range of prices, uncertainty reduces the shadow value of cumulative production, and therefore increases the critical price required for the firm to begin producing.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w2423

Published: Rand Journal of Economics, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 331-343, Autumn, 1989.

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