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The Impact of Bank Credit on Labor Reallocation and Aggregate Industry Productivity

John (Jianqiu) Bai, Daniel Carvalho, Gordon M. Phillips

NBER Working Paper No. 24081
Issued in November 2017, Revised in December 2017
NBER Program(s):Corporate Finance, Industrial Organization, Labor Studies, Productivity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship

We provide evidence that the deregulation of U.S. state banking markets leads to a significant increase in the relative employment and capital growth of local firms with higher productivity and that this effect is concentrated among young firms. Using financial data for a broad range of firms, our analysis suggests that this effect is driven by a shift in the composition of local bank credit supply towards more productive firms. We estimate that this effect translates into economically important gains in aggregate industry productivity and that changes in the allocation of labor play a central role in driving these gains.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w24081

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