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The Gender Unemployment Gap

Stefania Albanesi, Ayşegül Şahin

NBER Working Paper No. 23743
Issued in August 2017
NBER Program(s):Economic Fluctuations and Growth

The gender unemployment gap, the difference between female and male unemployment rates, was positive until the early 1980s. This gap disappeared after 1983, except during recessions, when men’s unemployment rate has always exceeded women’s. Using a calibrated three-state search model, we show that the convergence in female and male labor force attachment accounts for most of the closing of the gender unemployment gap. Evidence from nineteen OECD countries is consistent with this finding. We show that gender differences in industry composition are the main source of the cyclicality of the unemployment gap.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w23743

Published: Stefania Albanesi & Ayşegül Şahin, 2018. "The gender unemployment gap," Review of Economic Dynamics, .

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