The Right Combination of Demand and Supply Policies: The Case for a Two-Handed Approach
NBER Working Paper No. 2333
The paper considers the analytical underpinnings of the scope for and limits of demand and supply management. After restating a general policy effectiveness result for New-Classical macroeconomic models, several non-Walrasan equilibrium models are considered. These use the efficiency wage hypothesis to generate equilibrium unemployment in the labor market and imperfect competition in the goods market to generate scope for demand management. Hysteresis models of the natural rate are also reviewed briefly. Tentative implications are drawn for the contributions of demand and supply management to the resolution of the European unemployment problem.
Published: Buiter, "The Right Combination of Demand and Supply Policies: The Case for a Two-Handed Approach," in Macro and Micro Policies for More Growth and Employment," ed. by H. Muller-Groeling, Kiel, West Germany: Kiel Institute of World Economics, 1988.