NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Was The First Public Health Campaign Successful? The Tuberculosis Movement and Its Effect on Mortality

D. Mark Anderson, Kerwin Kofi Charles, Claudio Las Heras Olivares, Daniel I. Rees

NBER Working Paper No. 23219
Issued in March 2017
NBER Program(s):HC

The U.S. tuberculosis movement pioneered many of the strategies of modern public health campaigns. Dedicated to eradicating a specific disease, it was spearheaded by voluntary associations and supported by the sale of Christmas seals. Although remarkable in its scope and intensity, the effectiveness of the tuberculosis (TB) movement has not been studied in a systematic fashion. Using newly digitized mortality data at the municipal level for the period 1900-1917, we explore the effectiveness of the measures championed by the TB movement. Our results suggest that the adoption of a municipal reporting requirement was associated with a 6 percent decrease in pulmonary TB mortality, while the opening of a state-run sanatorium was associated with an almost 4 percent decrease in pulmonary TB mortality. However, these and other anti-TB measures can explain, at most, only a small portion of the overall decline in pulmonary TB mortality observed during the period under study.

You may purchase this paper on-line in .pdf format from SSRN.com ($5) for electronic delivery.

Access to NBER Papers

You are eligible for a free download if you are a subscriber, a corporate associate of the NBER, a journalist, an employee of the U.S. federal government with a ".GOV" domain name, or a resident of nearly any developing country or transition economy.

If you usually get free papers at work/university but do not at home, you can either connect to your work VPN or proxy (if any) or elect to have a link to the paper emailed to your work email address below. The email address must be connected to a subscribing college, university, or other subscribing institution. Gmail and other free email addresses will not have access.

E-mail:

The NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health provides summaries of publications like this.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w23219

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Suárez Serrato, Wang, and Zhang w21963 The Limits of Meritocracy: Screening Bureaucrats Under Imperfect Verifiability
Bemanke and James The Gold Standard, Deflation, and Financial Crisis in the Great Depression: An International Comparison
Anderson, Gallagher, and Ramirez Ritchie w23218 School Lunch Quality and Academic Performance
Eriksson, Niemesh, and Thomasson w23263 Revising Infant Mortality Rates for the Early 20th Century United States
Carpenter and Lawler w23107 Direct and Spillover Effects of Middle School Vaccination Requirements
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us