NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Log-linear Approximation versus an Exact Solution at the ZLB in the New Keynesian Model

Gauti B. Eggertsson, Sanjay R. Singh

NBER Working Paper No. 22784
Issued in October 2016
NBER Program(s):Monetary Economics

How accurate is a log-linear approximation of the New Keynesian model when the nominal interest rate is bounded by zero? This paper compares the solution of the exact non-linear model to the log-linear approximation. It finds that the difference is modest. This applies even for extreme events in numerical experiments that replicate the U.S. Great Depression. The exact non-linear model makes the same predictions as the log-linear approximation for key policy questions such as the size and sign of government spending and tax multipliers. It also replicates well known paradoxes like the paradox of toil and the paradox of price flexibility. The paper also reconciles different findings reported in the literature using Calvo versus Rotemberg pricing.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w22784

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