NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Understanding why black women are not working longer

Joanna Lahey

NBER Working Paper No. 22680
Issued in September 2016
NBER Program(s):AG, DAE, LS, PE

Black women in current cohorts ages 50 to 72 years have lower employment than similar white women, despite having had higher employment when they were middle-aged and younger. Earlier cohorts of older black women also worked more than their white counterparts. Although it is not surprising that white women’s employment should catch up to that of black women given trends in increasing female labor force participation, it is surprising that it should surpass that of black women. This chapter discusses factors that contribute to this differential change over time. Changes in education, marital status, home-ownership, welfare, wealth, and cognition cannot explain this trend, whereas changes in occupation, industry, health, and gross motor functioning may explain some of the trend.

You may purchase this paper on-line in .pdf format from SSRN.com ($5) for electronic delivery.

Access to NBER Papers

You are eligible for a free download if you are a subscriber, a corporate associate of the NBER, a journalist, an employee of the U.S. federal government with a ".GOV" domain name, or a resident of nearly any developing country or transition economy.

If you usually get free papers at work/university but do not at home, you can either connect to your work VPN or proxy (if any) or elect to have a link to the paper emailed to your work email address below. The email address must be connected to a subscribing college, university, or other subscribing institution. Gmail and other free email addresses will not have access.

E-mail:

The NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health provides summaries of publications like this.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w22680

Forthcoming: Understanding Why Black Women Are Not Working Longer, Joanna N. Lahey. in Women Working Longer: Increased Employment at Older Ages, Goldin and Katz. 2017

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Bitler, Hoynes, and Kuka w22682 Child Poverty, the Great Recession, and the Social Safety Net in the United States
Marinescu and Rathelot w22672 Mismatch Unemployment and the Geography of Job Search
Almada and Tchernis w22681 Measuring Effects of SNAP on Obesity at the Intensive Margin
Maestas, Mullen, and Powell w22452 The Effect of Population Aging on Economic Growth, the Labor Force and Productivity
Abraham, Haltiwanger, Sandusky, and Spletzer w22665 The Consequences of Long Term Unemployment: Evidence from Matched Employer-Employee Data
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us