Pensions and Firm Performance
Steven G. Allen, Robert L. Clark
NBER Working Paper No. 2266
This paper examines how pension plans affect employee behavior and firm performance. Theoretically, the impact of pensions on firm performance cannot be predicted. Firms with pensions should have lower turnover rates and more efficient retirement decisions; their employees will be less likely to shirk. On the other hand, pension compensation is not very closely linked to worker performance and there is some risk that turnover may fall too much. The evidence indicates that although wages do not seem to fall with pension compensation, profit rates are not affected by pension coverage. This suggests that pension coverage is associated with higher productivity, a proposition that is supported by indirect evidence on pensions, turnover, and productivity but not by direct tests of how pension coverage and productivity are correlated.
Published: Allen, Steven G. and Robert L. Clark. "Pensions and Firm Performance," Human Resources and Firm Performance, ed. by Morris Kleiner, et. al. Madison, WI: Industrial relations Research Association, 1987.