NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Heterogeneity and Unemployment Dynamics

Hie Joo Ahn, James D. Hamilton

NBER Working Paper No. 22451
Issued in July 2016
NBER Program(s):Economic Fluctuations and Growth, Labor Studies, Monetary Economics

This paper develops new estimates of flows into and out of unemployment that allow for unobserved heterogeneity across workers as well as direct effects of unemployment duration on unemployment-exit probabilities. Unlike any previous paper in this literature, we develop a complete dynamic statistical model that allows us to measure the contribution of different shocks to the short-run, medium-run, and long-run variance of unemployment as well as to specific historical episodes. We find that changes in the inflows of newly unemployed are the key driver of economic recessions and identify an increase in permanent job loss as the most important factor.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w22451

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