The Incidental Fertility Effects of School Condom Distribution Programs

Kasey S. Buckles, Daniel M. Hungerman

NBER Working Paper No. 22322
Issued in June 2016
NBER Program(s):CH, HE

While the fertility effects of improving teenagers’ access to contraception are theoretically ambiguous, most empirical work has shown that access decreases teen fertility. In this paper, we consider the fertility effects of access to condoms—a method of contraception not considered in prior work. We exploit variation across counties and across time in teenagers’ exposure to condom distribution programs in schools. We find that access to condoms in schools increases teen fertility by about 10 percent. These effects are driven by communities where condoms are provided without mandated counseling.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w22322

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