NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Trade and Exchange Rate Policies in Growth-Oriented Adjustment Programs

Jeffrey D. Sachs

NBER Working Paper No. 2226
Issued in April 1987
NBER Program(s):   ITI   IFM

The search for "growth-oriented adjustment programs" reflects a widespread malaise concerning IMF stabilization programs in countries suffering from external debt crises. A new orthodoxy is emerging from this search, which links recovery in the debtor countries to a shift to "outward-oriented" development, based on trade liberalization. This paper describes many important limitations of this new orthodoxy. The heavy emphasis on liberalization is a historical, and indeed runs contrary to the experiences of the successful East Asian economies. It also distracts attention from more pressing needs of the debtor economies.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w2226

Published: Growth Oriented Adjustment Programs, Washington DC IMF and World Bank Vittorio Corbo and M Khan and G. Goldstein eds., Spanish Translation in Revista de Economica Politica, Vol 8, No. 2, (30), April - June 1988

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