Trade and Exchange Rate Policies in Growth-Oriented Adjustment Programs
The search for "growth-oriented adjustment programs" reflects a widespread malaise concerning IMF stabilization programs in countries suffering from external debt crises. A new orthodoxy is emerging from this search, which links recovery in the debtor countries to a shift to "outward-oriented" development, based on trade liberalization. This paper describes many important limitations of this new orthodoxy. The heavy emphasis on liberalization is a historical, and indeed runs contrary to the experiences of the successful East Asian economies. It also distracts attention from more pressing needs of the debtor economies.
Published: Growth Oriented Adjustment Programs, Washington DC IMF and World Bank Vittorio Corbo and M Khan and G. Goldstein eds., Spanish Translation in Revista de Economica Politica, Vol 8, No. 2, (30), April - June 1988