NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

How do Hours Worked Vary with Income? Cross-Country Evidence and Implications

Alexander Bick, Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln, David Lagakos

NBER Working Paper No. 21874
Issued in January 2016, Revised in March 2017
NBER Program(s):EFG

This paper builds a new internationally comparable database of hours worked to measure how hours vary with income across and within countries. We document that average hours worked per adult are substantially higher in low-income countries than in high-income countries. The pattern of decreasing hours with income holds for both men and women, for adults of all ages and education levels, and along both the extensive and intensive margin. Within countries, hours worked per employed are also decreasing in the individual wage for most countries, though in the richest countries, hours worked are flat or increasing in the wage. Our findings imply that aggregate productivity and welfare differences across countries are larger than currently thought.

You may purchase this paper on-line in .pdf format from SSRN.com ($5) for electronic delivery.

Access to NBER Papers

You are eligible for a free download if you are a subscriber, a corporate associate of the NBER, a journalist, an employee of the U.S. federal government with a ".GOV" domain name, or a resident of nearly any developing country or transition economy.

If you usually get free papers at work/university but do not at home, you can either connect to your work VPN or proxy (if any) or elect to have a link to the paper emailed to your work email address below. The email address must be connected to a subscribing college, university, or other subscribing institution. Gmail and other free email addresses will not have access.

E-mail:

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w21874

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
de Ree, Muralidharan, Pradhan, and Rogers w21806 Double for Nothing? Experimental Evidence on the Impact of an Unconditional Teacher Salary Increase on Student Performance in Indonesia
Olivetti and Petrongolo w21887 The Evolution of Gender Gaps in Industrialized Countries
Barro w21872 Economic Growth and Convergence, Applied Especially to China
Lagakos, Moll, Porzio, Qian, and Schoellman w21914 Life-Cycle Human Capital Accumulation Across Countries: Lessons From U.S. Immigrants
Lavy, Schlosser, and Shany w21894 Out of Africa: Human Capital Consequences of In Utero Conditions
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us