NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Do People Shape Cities, or Do Cities Shape People? The Co-evolution of Physical, Social, and Economic Change in Five Major U.S. Cities

Nikhil Naik, Scott Duke Kominers, Ramesh Raskar, Edward L. Glaeser, César A. Hidalgo

NBER Working Paper No. 21620
Issued in October 2015, Revised in October 2015

---- Acknowledgements ----

We would like to acknowledge helpful comments from Gary Becker, Jörn Boehnke, Steven Durlauf, James Evans, Jay Garlapati, Lars Hansen, James Heckman, John Eric Humphries, Jackie Hwang, Priya Ramaswamy, Robert Sampson, Zak Stone, Erik Strand, and Nina Tobio. Mia Petkova contributed Figure 2. N.N. acknowledges the support from The MIT Media Lab consortia; S.D.K. acknowledges support from the National Science Foundation (grants CCF-1216095 and SES-1459912), the Harvard Milton Fund, the Wu Fund for Big Data Analysis, and the Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group (HCEO) sponsored by the Institute for New Economic Thinking (INET); E.L.G. acknowledges support from the Taubman Center for State and Local Government; and C.A.H. acknowledges support from Google’s Living Lab awards and The MIT Media Lab consortia. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.

---- Disclosure of Financial Relationships for Edward L. Glaeser ----

I have received speaking fees from organizations that organize members that invest in real estate markets, including the National Association of Real Estate Investment Managers and the Pension Real Estate Association.

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