NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The Effects of Two Influential Early Childhood Interventions on Health and Healthy Behaviors

Gabriella Conti, James J. Heckman, Rodrigo Pinto

NBER Working Paper No. 21454
Issued in August 2015
NBER Program(s):   CH   HC   HE   LS

This paper examines the long-term impacts on health and healthy behaviors of two of the oldest and most widely cited U.S. early childhood interventions evaluated by the method of randomization with long-term follow-up: the Perry Preschool Project (PPP) and the Carolina Abecedarian Project (ABC). There are pronounced gender effects strongly favoring boys, although there are also effects for girls. Dynamic mediation analyses show a significant role played by improved childhood traits, above and beyond the effects of experimentally enhanced adult socioeconomic status. These results show the potential of early life interventions for promoting health.

download in pdf format
   (940 K)

email paper

The NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health provides summaries of publications like this.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email.

Supplementary materials for this paper:

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w21454

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Chen and Goldman w21501 Health Care Spending: Historical Trends and New Directions
Geruso and McGuire w20359 Tradeoffs in the Design of Health Plan Payment Systems: Fit, Power and Balance
Beshears, Choi, Harris, Laibson, Madrian, and Sakong w21474 Self Control and Commitment: Can Decreasing the Liquidity of a Savings Account Increase Deposits?
Dizon-Ross, Dupas, and Robinson w21324 Governance and the Effectiveness of Public Health Subsidies
Fryer, Levitt, and List w21477 Parental Incentives and Early Childhood Achievement: A Field Experiment in Chicago Heights
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us