NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Relaxing Migration Constraints for Rural Households

Cynthia Kinnan, Shing-Yi Wang, Yongxiang Wang

NBER Working Paper No. 21314
Issued in July 2015, Revised in September 2015
NBER Program(s):Development Economics

This paper exploits two unique features of China's history to study the effects of access to internal migration: reforms to the household registration (hukou) system, and historical migration flows. We show that temporary migration due to a government policy called the “sent-down youth” (SDY) program created lasting inter-province links, so that decades later, hukou reforms in cities which sent SDY increased migration in provinces where those SDY temporarily resided. Using this variation, we find that improved access to migration leads to higher consumption levels and lower consumption volatility for rural households. Furthermore, household production shifts into high-risk, high-return activities.

download in pdf format
   (462 K)

email paper

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w21314

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Athey, Eckles, and Imbens w21313 Exact P-values for Network Interference
Chari, Liu, Wang, and Wang w24099 Property Rights, Land Misallocation and Agricultural Efficiency in China
Kuhn and Shen w21675 Do Employers Prefer Migrant Workers? Evidence from a Chinese Job Board
Beerli and Peri w21319 The Labor Market Effects of Opening the Border: Evidence from Switzerland
Frijters, Kong, and Liu w20953 Who Is Coming to the Artefactual Field Experiment? Participation Bias among Chinese Rural Migrants
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us