NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The Great Escape: Intergenerational Mobility in the United States Since 1940

Nathaniel G. Hilger

NBER Working Paper No. 21217
Issued in May 2015
NBER Program(s):   CH   DAE   ED   LS   PE

I develop a method to estimate intergenerational mobility (IM) in education on large cross-sectional surveys and apply the method to U.S. census data from 1940 to 2000. The method estimates IM directly for children age 26-29 who still live with parents and adjusts for independent children using a procedure that I validate extensively. Estimates imply large post-1940 gains in IM that were (1) driven primarily by large IM gains in the South for both whites and blacks, (2) larger for blacks due to their greater concentration in the South, and (3) driven by high school rather than college enrollment.

You may purchase this paper on-line in .pdf format from SSRN.com ($5) for electronic delivery.

Access to NBER Papers

You are eligible for a free download if you are a subscriber, a corporate associate of the NBER, a journalist, an employee of the U.S. federal government with a ".GOV" domain name, or a resident of nearly any developing country or transition economy.

If you usually get free papers at work/university but do not at home, you can either connect to your work VPN or proxy (if any) or elect to have a link to the paper emailed to your work email address below. The email address must be connected to a subscribing college, university, or other subscribing institution. Gmail and other free email addresses will not have access.

E-mail:

This paper was revised on April 27, 2016

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w21217

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Farber w21216 Job Loss in the Great Recession and its Aftermath: U.S. Evidence from the Displaced Workers Survey
Heller, Shah, Guryan, Ludwig, Mullainathan, and Pollack w21178 Thinking, Fast and Slow? Some Field Experiments to Reduce Crime and Dropout in Chicago
Hilger w22748 Upward Mobility and Discrimination: The Case of Asian Americans
Ferrie, Massey, and Rothbaum w22635 Do Grandparents and Great-Grandparents Matter? Multigenerational Mobility in the US, 1910-2013
Chetty, Hendren, Kline, and Saez w19843 Where is the Land of Opportunity? The Geography of Intergenerational Mobility in the United States
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us