NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Demand for Value Added and Value-Added Exchange Rates

Rudolfs Bems, Robert C. Johnson

NBER Working Paper No. 21070
Issued in April 2015
NBER Program(s):International Finance and Macroeconomics, International Trade and Investment

We examine the role of cross-border input linkages in governing how international relative price changes influence demand for domestic value added. We define a novel value-added real effective exchange rate (REER), which aggregates bilateral value-added price changes, and link this REER to demand for value added. Input linkages enable countries to gain competitiveness following depreciations by supply chain partners, and hence counterbalance beggar-thy-neighbor effects. Cross-country differences in input linkages also imply that the elasticity of demand for value added is country specific. Using global input-output data, we demonstrate these conceptual insights are quantitatively important and compute historical value-added REERs.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w21070

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