NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The Impact of Education on Health and Health Behavior in a Middle-Income, Low-Education Country

Resul Cesur, Bahadir Dursun, Naci Mocan

NBER Working Paper No. 20764
Issued in December 2014
NBER Program(s):Children, Development Economics, Economics of Education, Health Economics, Public Economics

Although the impact of education on health is important for economic policy in developing countries, the overwhelming majority of research to identify the health returns to education has been done using data from developed countries. We use data from three waves of a nationally-representative health survey, conducted between 2008 and 2012 in Turkey, and exploit an education reform that increased the mandatory years of schooling from 5 to 8 years in 1997. Using exposure to the reform as an instrument for education, we find that for women ages 18-30, education has no impact on self-reported health, BMI, overweight, obesity, or on the propensity or intensity of smoking. Education does not influence women’s daily consumption of fruits, vegetables, or their propensity to get a flu shot either. The same results are obtained for men of the same age group with one exception: education increases men’s BMI and the propensity to be overweight and obese. Potential explanations for these findings are provided.

download in pdf format
   (1290 K)

email paper

The NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health provides summaries of publications like this.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w20764

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Heckman, Humphries, Veramendi, and Urzúa w19971 Education, Health and Wages
Cutler and Lleras-Muney w12352 Education and Health: Evaluating Theories and Evidence
Cesur and Mocan w19769 Does Secular Education Impact Religiosity, Electoral Participation and the Propensity to Vote for Islamic Parties? Evidence from an Education Reform in a Muslim Country
Duflo, Dupas, and Kremer w20784 Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya
Courtemanche, Pinkston, Ruhm, and Wehby w20892 Can Changing Economic Factors Explain the Rise in Obesity?
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us