NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Does the Gender of Offspring Affect Parental Political Orientation?

Byungkyu Lee, Dalton Conley

NBER Working Paper No. 20384
Issued in August 2014
NBER Program(s):CH, POL

Recently, the sex of child has been widely used as a natural experiment and shown to induce change of the allegedly stable political predisposition, however, prior results have been contradictory: in the U.K., researchers found that having daughters leads to parents favoring left-wing political parties and to holding more liberal views on family/gender roles, whereas in the U.S. scholars found that daughters were associated with more Republican (rightist) party identification and more conservative views on teen sexuality. Here, we utilize data from the General Social Survey and the European Social Survey to test the robustness of effects of offspring sex on parental political orientation while factoring out country and period differences. In analysis of 36 countries, we obtain null effects of the sex of the first child on party identification as well as on political ideology. Further, we observe no evidence of heterogeneous treatment effects. We discuss the implications of these null findings for theories of political socialization.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w20384

Published: Byungkyu Lee & Dalton Conley, 2016. "Does the Gender of Offspring Affect Parental Political Orientation?," Social Forces, vol 94(3), pages 1103-1127.

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