NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Spatial Errors in Count Data Regressions

Marinho Bertanha, Petra Moser

NBER Working Paper No. 20374
Issued in August 2014
NBER Program(s):   DAE   PR   TWP

Count data regressions are an important tool for empirical analyses ranging from analyses of patent counts to measures of health and unemployment. Along with negative binomial, Poisson panel regressions are a preferred method of analysis because the Poisson conditional fixed effects maximum likelihood estimator (PCFE) and its sandwich variance estimator are consistent even if the data are not Poisson-distributed, or if the data are correlated over time. Analyses of counts may be affected by correlation in the cross-section. For example, patent counts or publications may increase across related research fields in response to common shocks. This paper shows that the PCFE and its sandwich variance estimator are consistent in the presence of such dependence in the cross-section - as long as spatial dependence is time-invariant. In addition to the PCFE, this result also applies to the commonly used Logit model of panel data with fixed effects. We develop a test for time-invariant spatial dependence and provide code in STATA and MATLAB to implement the test.

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A STATA and MATLAB commands to implement estimation procedures is available at http://www.stanford.com/~bertanha/xtpsse_stata.zip www.stanford.com/~bertanha/xtpsse_matlab.zip

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w20374

 
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