NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Fiscal Increasing Returns, Hysteresis, Real Wages and Unemployment

Olivier J. Blanchard, Lawrence H. Summers

NBER Working Paper No. 2034 (Also Reprint No. r1291)
Issued in October 1986
NBER Program(s):   EFG

European unemployment is widely regarded as a problem of excessive real wages. This view as it is usually expressed carries the disturbing implication that there is a sharp conflict between the interests of those currently employed and the unemployed because it suggests that increases in employment will require reductions in the real wages of those currently employed. The first part of this paper shows that increases in employment in Europe are likely to be associated with rising real take-home pay for workers because of fiscal increasing returns. Increases in employment and output will make possible reductions in taxes sufficiently large to offset any effects of diminishing returns to labor. The second part of the paper considers alternative explanations for the failure of nominal wages to adjust so as to restore full employment and their implications for the efficacy of fiscal policies. It concludes that under a variety of plausible conditions tax cuts would succeed in stimulating employment.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w2034

Published: European Economic Review, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 543-560, (April 1987). citation courtesy of

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