NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Effects of Maternal Depression on Family Food Insecurity

Kelly Noonan, Hope Corman, Nancy E. Reichman

NBER Working Paper No. 20113
Issued in May 2014, Revised in June 2014
NBER Program(s):HE, PE

Theory suggests that adverse life events--such as unemployment or health shocks--can result in food insecurity, which has increased substantially in the U.S. over the past decade alongside the obesity epidemic. We test this proposition by estimating the effects of a specific and salient mental health event--maternal depression during the postpartum year--on child and family food insecurity. Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study--Birth Cohort, we estimate the effects of maternal depression on food insecurity using both single- and two-stage models, and explore potential buffering effects of relevant public assistance programs and supports. We find that moderate to severe maternal depression increases the likelihood that children and households experience any food insecurity--by between 50 and 80%, depending on the measure of food insecurity. We also find that maternal depression increases the likelihood of reliance on the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program; Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children; Medicaid; and the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families program, suggesting that these programs play a buffering role.

download in pdf format
   (230 K)

email paper

The NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health provides summaries of publications like this.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w20113

Published: Kelly Noonan & Hope Corman & Nancy E. Reichman, 2016. "Effects of maternal depression on family food insecurity," Economics & Human Biology, .

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
List and Samek w20132 The Behavioralist as Nutritionist: Leveraging Behavioral Economics To Improve Child Food Choice and Consumption
Bhattacharya, Haider, and Currie w9003 Food Insecurity or Poverty? Measuring Need-Related Dietary Adequacy
Peng, Meyerhoefer, and Zuvekas w19451 The Effect of Depression on Labor Market Outcomes
Frank and Meara w15314 The Effect of Maternal Depression and Substance Abuse on Child Human Capital Development
McMillan and Harttgen w20077 What is driving the 'African Growth Miracle'?
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us