Host-Country Financial Development and Multinational Activity
This paper evaluates the influence of host-country financial development on the global operations of multinational firms. Using detailed U.S. data, we provide evidence that host-country financial development increases entry by multinational affiliates, while also decreasing affiliate sales in the local market relative to the parent country and third-country destinations. These effects are more pronounced in industries that depend more on external sources of financing. The patterns are consistent with the combination of two effects of financial development: 1) a competition effect that reduces individual affiliates' revenues in the host market due to increased entry by domestic firms, and 2) a financing effect that raises affiliate entry and aggregate sales due to affiliates' improved access to external finance in the host country.
This paper was revised on April 4, 2017
Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w20046
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