NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The Impact of Medicaid on Labor Force Activity and Program Participation: Evidence from the Oregon Health Insurance Experiment

Katherine Baicker, Amy Finkelstein, Jae Song, Sarah Taubman

NBER Working Paper No. 19547
Issued in October 2013
NBER Program(s):   HC   LS   AG

In 2008, a group of uninsured low-income adults in Oregon was selected by lottery for the chance to apply for Medicaid. We use this randomized design and 2009 administrative data to evaluate the effect of Medicaid on labor market outcomes and participation in other social safety net programs. We find no significant effect of Medicaid on employment or earnings: our 95 percent confidence intervals allow us to reject that Medicaid causes a decline in employment of more than 4.4 percentage points, or an increase of more than 1.2 percentage points. We find that Medicaid increases receipt of food stamps, but has little, if any, impact on receipt of other government benefits, including SSDI.

download in pdf format
   (142 K)

email paper

A non-technical summary of this paper is available in the March 2014 NBER digest.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Digest by email.

The NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health provides summaries of publications like this.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email.

This paper is available as PDF (142 K) or via email.

An online appendix is available for this publication.

This paper was revised on November 25, 2013

Acknowledgments and Disclosures

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w19547

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Garthwaite, Gross, and Notowidigdo w19220 Public Health Insurance, Labor Supply, and Employment Lock
Hotz and Pantano w19542 Strategic Parenting, Birth Order and School Performance
Finkelstein, Taubman, Wright, Bernstein, Gruber, Newhouse, Allen, Baicker, and Study Group w17190 The Oregon Health Insurance Experiment: Evidence from the First Year
Fujita and Moscarini w19640 Recall and Unemployment
Hoynes and Schanzenbach w16198 Work Incentives and the Food Stamp Program
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us