NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Real Exchange Rate Variability: An Empirical Analysis of the Developing Countries Case

Sebastian Edwards

NBER Working Paper No. 1930 (Also Reprint No. r0960)
Issued in 1988
NBER Program(s):   ITI   IFM

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the potential role of monetary and real factors in explaining real exchange rate variability in developing countries. For this purpose two indexes of real effective exchange rate variability that measure short-term and long-term variability were constructed for 30 countries. The results obtained, using a generalized least squares procedures on cross section data, indicate that real exchange rate variability has been affected both by real and monetary factors. In particular it was found that more unstable nominal exchange rate policies were reflected in higher real exchange rate instability in the short-run; more unstable domestic credit policies resulted in higher short-term real exchange rate variability; and more unstable external terms of trade also affected positively the degree of real exchange rate instability.

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Published: Edwards, Sebastian. "Real Exchange Rate Variability: An Empirical Analysisof the Developing Countries Case," International Economic Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, Spring 1987, pp. 91-106.

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