Making College Worth It: A Review of Research on the Returns to Higher Education
Recent stories of soaring student debt levels and under-placed college graduates have caused some to question whether a college education is still a sound investment. In this paper, we review the literature on the returns to higher education in an attempt to determine who benefits from college. Despite the tremendous heterogeneity across potential college students, we conclude that the investment appears to payoff for both the average and marginal student. During the past three decades in particular, the earnings premium associated with a college education has risen substantially. Beyond the pecuniary benefits of higher education, we suggest that there also may exist non-pecuniary benefits. Given these findings, it is perhaps surprising that among recent cohorts college completion rates have stagnated. We discuss potential explanations for this trend and conclude by succinctly interpreting the evidence on how to make the most out of college.
Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w19053
Published: Journal Issue: Postsecondary Education in the United States Volume 23 Number 1 Spring 2013 Download E-mail Making College Worth It: A Review of the Returns to Higher Education Authors: Philip Oreopoulous Uros Petronijevic
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