State-run Banks, Money Growth, and the Real Economy
NBER Working Paper No. 19004
Aggregate credit and investment growth correlate with prior money growth more strongly in economies whose banking systems are more fully state-run. Within countries, individual state-run banks’ lending correlates with prior money growth, while otherwise similar private-sector banks’ lending does not. Tests exploiting heterogeneity in likely political pressure on state-run banks associated with, e.g. central bank independence, privatizations, and election years, are consistent with a higher correlation of state-run banks’ lending with prior money growth if political pressure is stronger. These findings are consistent with a command-and-control channel of monetary stimulus transmission operating via state-run banks.
Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w19004
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