Exploring Tradeoffs in the Organization of Scientific Work: Collaboration and Scientific Reward
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This paper was originally distributed with the title, "Is Collaboration Creative or Costly?" We thank Lotte Bailyn, Emilio Castilla, Michael Cusumano, Roberto Fernandez, Benjamin Jones, Ray Reagans, Edward Roberts, Henry Sauermann, Scott Stern, James Utterback, Ezra Zuckerman, seminar participants at the Darden Entrepreneurship and Innovation Research Conference, the Academy of Management Annual Conference, MIT Sloan Innovation and Entrepreneurship Seminar and Economic Sociology Working Group, as well as other conferences and seminars. Financial support from the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, MIT Energy Initiative and the Roberts E-Center Fund is gratefully acknowledged. Financial support from the Toulouse Network on Information Technology is gratefully acknowledged. Gans consults for Microsoft but it is not related this this research. All errors are our own. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.