Explaining Africa's (Dis)advantage
---- Acknowledgements -----
This paper previously circulated as "Africa's (Dis)advantage: the Curse of Party Monopoly." We are grateful for very useful comments, discussions, help, and criticism from Yaw Ansu, Jing Cai, Hinh Dinh, Weili Ding, Luosha Du, Li Gan, Philip Keefer, Steve Lehrer, Dimitris Mavridis, Howard Pack, Vincent Palmade and Jean-Philippe Platteau. Three referees' and Magaret McMillan's constructive comments have significantly improved the quality of this paper. Helen Yang offered superb research assistance. This study has been financed by the Japanese PHRD TF096317, the Dutch BNPP TF 097170, along with the Africa Region of the World Bank. The views expressed here are the authors' own and do not reflect those of the World Bank, its executive directors, its member countries, or the National Bureau of Economic Research.